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Systematic Reviews: Reporting the Results

This guide is for the clinician undertaking a systematic review.

Reporting Guidelines for Systematic Reviews & Meta-Analyses

PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. PRISMA focuses on the reporting of reviews evaluating randomized trials, but can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions.

The PRISMA Flow Generator online tool using an open source software to help create an image of the PRISMA Flow diagram. created by Toronto Health Economics and Technology Assessment Collaborative (THETA), University of Toronto.

MOOSE (Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) checklist contains specifications for reporting of meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology. Editors will expect you to follow and cite this checklist. It refers to the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale for assessing the quality of non-randomized studies, a method of rating each observational study in your meta-analysis.

Other Reporting Guidelines

The EQUATOR (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) Network is an international initiative that seeks to improve the reliability and value of published health research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting and wider use of robust reporting guidelines. Click here for list of all the reporting guidelines endorsed by the EQUATOR network.

PRISMA Flow Diagram