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Systematic Reviews: Citation Searching

This guide provides information and resources which may be helpful when undertaking a systematic review or other type of knowledge synthesis.

Citation Searching

"Document Search" icon by kiddo from the Noun Project.

“Citation searching uses the citation network surrounding a source study to identify similar studies. A citation network consists of the studies that are cited by a source study (ie, the reference list) and the studies that cite a source study. Citation searching in the context of a systematic review usually starts with one or more studies that meet, or that have similar content to, the inclusion criteria.”1

References & Recommended Reading

1.   Briscoe S, Bethel A, Rogers M. Conduct and reporting of citation searching in Cochrane systematic reviews: A cross-sectional study. Research synthesis methods. 2020;11(2):169-180.