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MSHS: Dietetic Internship: Google Scholar

Guide to assist dietetic interns in finding resources available through the Library and elsewhere.

Search Google Scholar

Google Scholar Search

Google Scholar Overview

Google Scholar is primarily a search tool for locating academic papers, although, it also includes theses and dissertations, academic books, pre-prints, abstracts, technical reports and other scholarly literature from a wide research spectrum across various publishing modes. Additionally, court opinions and patents are covered.

Advanced search operators give you more control over what results Google returns:                           

Operator Description Example
“Search a phrase” Forces the specific word order    "This phrase only please"
"Word" Quotation marks around a word turns off synonyms & spell checking "kitten"
site:    searches a particular website ( or domain (.ca)
filetype: Searches for a particular filetype filetype:pdf
intitle: Searches only in the title intitle:"climate change"

For an excellent resource on searching with Google see the Google Advanced Power Searching page.


- Looks for scholarly sources from broad areas of research and includes working papers known as "grey literature"

- For research on unfamiliar topics, it gives an idea of the types of materials available and the authors and journal titles connected with the topic

- Frequently cited papers rise to the top of search results so it's useful for finding classic references and for examining citation data

-  Occasionally provides a link or way of accessing full text. Click on links labeled [PDF] or [HTML] if available at the right of the search result's title and/or try the [Full Text? SFX] link, when connected to the Mayo network, to access the Mayo Clinic Libraries catalog.  Intructions for setting up the [Full Text? SFX] link in Google Scholar are available through this link.

- Strong, in comparison with Web of Science and Scopus, in indexing and providing citation data for the non-journal article materials it indexes

- Its indexing of preprints may give citation information far ahead of Web of Science or Scopus, which only index published materials.

- Unlike Web of Science, you can search by article title for cited reference searching.


- Not exhaustive in coverage so you should still search one or more discipline-specific databases provided by the Mayo Clinic Libraries to be thorough (typically not included are shorter articles, such as book reviews, news sections, editorials, announcements and letters, untitled documents and documents without authors, and website URLs that aren't available to the search robots or to the majority of web users)  

- May misinterpret citations, provide erroneous figures as to times cited, and produce results with redundant entries

- Truncation/wildcard searching is not supported

- Google Scholar has a 256 character limit for searches; Google limits to 150 words

- Google and Google Scholar show only the first 1000 results

- Nesting terms in parentheses - eg, (science OR technology) AND (british columbia OR alberta) - does not work as it does in other databases

Helpful Resources